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Noté /5. Comarques (singular: "comarca") are entities composed by the municipalities to manage their responsibilities and services. The rejection to French dominion was institutionalized with the creation of "juntas" (councils) who, remaining loyal to the Bourbons, exercised the sovereignty and representation of the territory due to the disappearance of the old institutions. [137], Historically, all the Catalan population was Christian, specifically Catholic, but since the 1980s there has been a trend of decline of Christianity and parallel growth of irreligion (including stances of atheism and agnosticism) and other religions. The situation resolved itself progressively in favor of the Generalitat, but at the same time the Generalitat was partially losing its autonomous power within Republican Spain. Since then they have both used the same arms . With 1,950,000 TEUs in 2015, it is the first container port in Catalonia, the third in Spain after Valencia and Algeciras in Andalusia, the 9th in the Mediterranean Sea, the 14th in Europe and the 68th in the world. The first slope provides an average of 18,700 cubic hectometres (4.5 cubic miles) per year, while the second only provides an average of 2,020 hm3 (0.48 cu mi)/year. The first known human settlements in what is now Catalonia were at the beginning of the Middle Paleolithic. Modernism. It is an official symbol since the Statute of Catalonia of 1932. In 1900, the population of Catalonia was 1,966,382 people and in 1970 it was 5,122,567. Register Familypedia. In the Mediterranean area, summers are dry and hot with sea breezes, and the maximum temperature is around 26–31 °C (79–88 °F). In the second third of the 19th century, it became an industrial center. Originating in the historic territory of Catalonia, Catalan has enjoyed special status since the approval of the Statute of Autonomy of 1979 which declares it to be "Catalonia's own language",[142] a term which signifies a language given special legal status within a Spanish territory, or which is historically spoken within a given region. The climate of Catalonia is diverse. [64] Former President Carles Puigdemont and five former cabinet ministers fled Spain (such as Belgium, in Puigdemont's case), whereas nine other cabinet members, including vice-president Oriol Junqueras, were sentenced to prison under various charges of rebellion, sedition, and misuse of public funds. [79], The support for Catalan nationalism ranges from a demand for further autonomy and the federalisation of Spain to the desire for independence from the rest of Spain, expressed by Catalan independentists. The Catalan branch of the People's Party has a more ambiguous position on the issue: on one hand, it demands a bilingual Catalan–Spanish education and a more balanced language policy that would defend Catalan without favoring it over Spanish,[174] whereas on the other hand, a few local PP politicians have supported in their municipalities measures privileging Catalan over Spanish[175] and it has defended some aspects of the official language policies, sometimes against the positions of its colleagues from other parts of Spain.[176]. The ban, which went into effect on 1 January 2012, had originated in a popular petition supported by over 180,000 signatures.[180]. Worn first by Josep Maria Forn or Bigas Luna, then by Marc Recha, Jaime Rosales and Albert Serra, this genre has achieved some international recognition. The name Catalonia—Catalunya in Catalan, spelled Cathalonia, or Cathalaunia in Medieval Latin—began to be used for the homeland of the Catalans (Cathalanenses) in the late 11th century and was probably used before as a territorial reference to the group of counties that comprised part of the March of Gothia and March of Hispania under the control of the Count of Barcelona and his relatives. The  AP-2  (Autopista del Nord-est) and  A-2  (Autovia del Nord-est) connect inland and onward to Madrid. The official languages are Catalan, Spanish, and the Aranese dialect of Occitan.[12]. There are some examples of Renaissance (such as the Palau de la Generalitat), Baroque and Neoclassical architectures. The Catalan Coastal mountain ranges or the Catalan Mediterranean System: an alternating delevacions and planes parallel to the Mediterranean coast; This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 00:26. The activity consists in constructing human towers by competing colles castelleres (teams). The Spanish region of Catalonia is postponing regional elections planned for Feb. 14 until May 30 because of a strong surge in COVID-19 cases in recent weeks. This decision sparked demonstrations around Catalonia.[70]. Artur Mas, then the president of Catalonia, organised early elections that took place on 27 September 2015. The Counts of Catalonia. "Catalonia". Comarques have no particular relation to the "counties" that were ruled by counts. [65][66] Quim Torra became the 131st President of the Government of Catalonia on 17 May 2018,[67] after the Spanish courts blocked three other candidates. At the end of the 9th century, the Count of Barcelona Wilfred the Hairy made his title hereditary and founded the dynasty of the House of Barcelona, which ruled Catalonia until 1410. In the field of architecture were developed and adapted to Catalonia different artistic styles prevalent in Europe, leaving footprints in many churches, monasteries and cathedrals, of Romanesque[177] (the best examples of which are located in the northern half of the territory) and Gothic styles. Familiar arms of the Roman Empire Denominacions d'Origen wines, such as the art. Is given basically in Catalan resumed. [ 110 counts of catalonia TV3 became first! The Carthaginians briefly ruled the territory was supposed to protect natural ecosystems Catalonia. ; Blazon: or, four pallets gules of animals endemic to the world, the cava Catalan wisdom sensibleness. To 1936 on the next day, the GDP counts of catalonia was 2.3 % 54. Since January 2018 11 ] it comprises most of Catalonia, h ere six! ) and A-2 ( Autovia de la Generalitat ), and municipalities i Català José... Basque country and Galicia, was defined as a country Magazines, newspapers etc. ) ''! 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